2) I don't think the ball should be moved far no matter to who's advantage it may be. If the ball is close to the goal of team A and then the player of team A walks into another player somewhere inside the goal area of team B, I don't think we should move the ball right into the goal area of team B. I mean this is very harsh for a foul, because it might lead to a goal of a team that might not be able to even get the ball that far. It is also not at all understandable for people. Even though it is allowed in normal soccer, it is just happening only very rarely. However, our robots often unintentionally commit pushing fouls and I don't think that should mean the ball is constantly changing place. But I guess we have to vote on this in the TC.
3) We already voted on this within the TC. A penalty kick within the game is NOT the same as a penalty shoot-out afterwards and is actually a disadvantage of the team getting the penalty kick. The ball is moved backwards from inside the goal area to the penalty mark where the robot will probably not be within 15 seconds. All other robots would need to stand behind the center line, where they won't reach within 15 seconds, so a majority of them will be removed. So I think introducing this at the current state of the robots will be a major disadvantage. I would also like to remind that apart from moving towards the FIFA rules, we also want to see an interesting game. If we make the rules too challenging in one year, the only thing we will see is all robots sitting at the side suffering from removal penalties.